Pesticide Residue and Constructed Wetlands
Pesticide Residue Analysis - Fate and dissipation of pesticides in soil, runoff water, groundwater, and on plant tissues. Extraction, cleanup and determination of synthetic and botanical insecticides on vegetables. Soil erosion and runoff are some of the major means by which pesticides enter streams, ponds, or lakes. The Water Quality Project at Kentucky State University (KSU) is evaluating best management practices for the growing of vegetable crops on highly erodible land (10% slope).
Performance of Constructed Wetlands for On-site Wastewater Treatment - Surface and groundwater havebecome off-site sinks and a pressing environmental problem due to agricultural applications of fertilizers and pesticides. Evidence exists that pesticides and fertilizers can move into shallow aquifers underlying the karstic topography in Kentucky through the root zone due to the presence of open conduits. A major goal of the water quality research at Kentucky State University (KSU) is to provide fertilizer and pesticide fate models that can be used in planning landscape modifications for water quality improvements.
- Enhanced Bioremediation: Soil Amendments and Constructed Wetlands for Pesticide Removal (2003-2007).
- Developing Programs for Operation and Management of On-site Constructed Wetlands (CW): EPA/319-NPS program.
- George Antonioius, Principal Investigator
- Janet Meyer, Research Assistant
- Zachary Ray, Research Assistant
Antonious, GF and Patterson MA (2005). Napropamide residues in runoff and infiltration water from pepper production. J. Environ. Sci. Health B40 (3): 1-12.
Antonious, GF, Kochhar TS, and Simmons, AM (2005). Natural Products: Seasonal variation in trichome counts and contents in Lycopersicum hirsutum f. Glabratum. J. Environ. Sci. Health B40 (4): Accepted for Publication.
Antonious, GF (2004). Persistence of 2-tridecanone on the leaves of seven vegetables. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 73 (6). In press.
Antonious, GF, Patel GA, Snyder JC, and Coyne MS (2004). Pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide adsorption to soil organic matter. J. Environ. Sci. Health B39 (1): 19-32.
Antonious, GF (2004). Trifluralin residues in runoff and infiltration water from tomato production. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 72 (5): 962-969.
Antonious, GF (2004). Residues and half-lives of pyrethrins on field-grown pepper and tomato. J. Environ. Sci. Health B39 (4): 491-503.
Antonious, GF (2003). Soil infiltration by pesticides. In: Encyclopedia of Pest Management. Pimentel D (ed), volume 3, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, pp. 1-4.
Antonious, GF (2003). Impact of soil management and two botanical insecticides on urease and invertase activity. J Environ Sci Health B38 (4): 479-488.
Antonious, GF, Patterson MA, and Snyder, JC (2003. Pesticide residues in soil and quality of potato grown with sewage sludge. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 71 (2): 315-322.
Antonious,G.F. (2002). Pesistence and Performance of Esfenvalerate Residues Residues on Broccoli. J. Pest Management Sci. 58: 85-91.
Antonious,G.F. and Kasperbauer J.M. (2002). Color of light reflected to leaves modifies nutrient content of carrot roots. Crop Science 42: 1211-1216.
Antonious,G.F., Snyder J.C., and Patel G. (2001). Pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide residues on potato and in soil under field conditions. Journal of Environmental Science and Health B36 (3): 261-271 ( 2001).
Antonious G.F., Christine M. Lee, and Snyder, J.C. (2001). Sustainable soil management practices and quality of potato grown on erodible lands. Journal of Environmental Science and Health B36 (4): 435-444 (2001).
Snyder J.C., Thacker R.R. andAntoniousG.F. (2001). Use of Solid Phase Extraction to Aid Determination of Dislodgeable Foliar Residues of Chlorpyriphos, Malathion, Diazinon, and Acephate. Archives of Environ Toxicology & Chem (In Press).
Patel G.A. (KSU Graduate Student), Antonious, G.F., Lee C.M.and Snyder J.C. (2001): Sustainable Soil Management Practices and Quality of Potato Grown on Erodible Lands. J. Kentucky Academy of Science 62 (1), Published Abstract, page 81.
Atonious,G.F (2000). Clomazone Residues in Soil and Runoff: Measurement and mitigation. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 64 (2): 168-175.
Antonious,G.F, and R.C. Warner (2000). Constructed Wetlands for Domestic Wastewater Treatment: Survey and Performance in Kentucky J. Kentucky Academy of Science 61 (1): 23-29.
Antonious,G.F (1999). Efficiency of Grass Buffer Strips and Cropping System on Off-Site Dacthal Movement. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 63: 25-32.
Antonious,G.F, J.C. Snyder, and D.L. Dahlman (1999). Tomato Cultivar Susceptibility to Egyptian Cotton Leafworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). J. Entomol. Sci. 34: 171-182.
Antonious,GF, Byers ME and Snyder JC (1998). Residues and Fate of Endosulfan on Field-Grown Pepper and Tomato. J. Pesticide Sci. 54:61-67.
George F. Antonious and Matthew E. Byers (1997). Fate and Movement of Endosulfan Under Field Conditions. J. Environ. Toxicol. & Chemistry 64 (4): 644-649.
George F. Antonious, Matthew E. Byers, and William C. Kerst (1997). Residue Levels of Pyrethrins and Piperonyl Butoxide in Soil and Runoff Water. J. Environ. Sci. Health B32 (5): 621-644.